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FAST-FACTS-30th-Anniversary-of-the-U-S--Caribbean-Intervention-in-Grenada

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U.S. Army Rangers parachute into Grenada during Operation Urgent Fury. (DoD photo)Reason for the intervention

A credible threat to U.S. citizens, Grenadian citizens and regional security following the assassination of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and several cabinet members, as well as the dissolution of civilian government by a self-appointed Revolutionary Military Council.

Mission objectives

  • Protect innocent lives

  • Forestall further chaos

  • Assist in the restoration of law and order, and of governmental institutions

U.S. military command overseeing U.S. operations

U.S. Atlantic Command (Note: U.S. Atlantic Command was re-designated as Joint Forces Command in 1999)

Duration of the U.S. military intervention operations

25 Oct. – 2 Nov (Note: After combat operations ceased, U.S. troops remained to assist with reconstruction through Dec. 12)

Grenada’s geographic size

Approximately 133 square miles, about twice the size as Washington, D.C.

Number of troops, evacuees, casualties, and injuries

  • Size of U.S. military component: 8,000 Soldiers, Marines, Sailors and Airmen

  • Size of multinational peacekeeping force: More than 300 troops from Jamaica, the Organization of the Eastern Caribbean States and Barbados

  • U.S. citizens evacuated: Approximately 600

  • Foreign citizens evacuated: 120

  • U.S. military personnel killed: 19

  • U.S. military personnel injured: 116

  • Hostile forces killed: 70

  • Hostile forces captured: 638

  •  

Soldier and Students: American students at St. George University on Grenada surround a U.S. Soldier after his arrival at the campus with peacekeeping  forces. (1983)Participating U.S. military forces

  • U.S. Navy Seals and Sailors embarked on U.S. Navy vessels

  • U.S. Marine amphibious forces

  • U.S. Army Airborne

  • U.S. Army Rangers

  • U.S. Air Force air crews

  •  

Participating U.S. Navy ships: (providing direct and indirect support)

  • USS GUAM Amphibious Ready Group

  • USS Guam (LPH-9) USS Fort Snelling (LSD-30)

  • USS Barnstable County (LST-1197)

  • USS Manitowoc (LST-1180)

  • USS Trenton (LPD-14)

  • USS INDEPENDENCE Battle Group

  • USS Independence (CV-62)

  • USS Caron (DD-970)

  • USS Coontz (DDG-40)

  • USS Moosebrugger (DD-980)

  • USS Richmond K. Turner (CG-20)

  • USS Clifton Sprague (FFG-16)

  • USS Suribachi (AE-21)

 

Other U.S. Navy ships involved

  • USS Aquila (PHM-4)

  • USS Aubrey Fitch (FFG-34) 

  • USS Briscoe (DD-977)

  • USS Portsmouth (SSN-707)

  • USS Recovery (ARS-43)

  • USS Saipan (LHA-2)

  • USS Sampson (DDG-10)

  • USS Samuel Eliot Morison (FFG-13)

  • USS Silversides (SSN-679)

  • USS Taurus (PHM-3)

 

82nd Airborne artillery personnel load and fire M102 105 mm howitzers during Operation Urgent Fury in Grenada. (DoD photo)Participating U.S. military aircraft

  • A-6 Intruder (U.S. Navy)

  • A-7 Corsair (U.S. Navy)

  • A-10 Thunderbolt (U.S. Air Force)

  • F-14A Tomcat (U.S. Navy)

  • F-15 Eagle (U.S. Air Force)

  • C-9 Skytrain (U.S. Navy)

  • C-130 Hercules (U.S. Air Force)

  • C-141 Starlifter (U.S. Air Force)

  • E-2C Hawkeye (U.S. Navy)

  • E3A Sentry (U.S. Air Force) 

 

Participating U.S. military Helicopters

  • CH-46 Sea Knight (U.S. Navy)

  • CH-53 Sea Stallion (U.S. Navy)

  • AH-1 Sea Cobra (U.S. Marines)

  • UH-60 Black Hawk (U.S. Army)

  • SH-2 Seasprite (U.S. Navy)

  • SH-3 Sea King (U.S. Navy)

 

U.S. national security legislation resulting partly from lessons learned during the operation 

Goldwater-Nichols DOD Reorganization Act of 1986

 

Related U.S. military service medal

  • Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal

 

Additional sources of Information

Produced by the U.S. Southern Command Public Affairs Office

Last updated Oct. 19, 2013

 
Article Date: 10/22/2013
Title: FAST FACTS: 30th Anniversary of the U.S.-Caribbean Intervention in Grenada
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